Triple Nexus or HDP Nexus is the intersection of humanitarian, development and peace activities in humanitarian work. The concept of an intersection rather than a sequential relationship between international aid for humanitarian emergencies, development work and peacebuilding was first articulated at the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, Turkey. In 2019, the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) made a series of recommendations that further clarify the scope of the HDP nexus and are binding on all members of the OECD who voted in favor.
This research aims to better understand the current stage of the operationalization of the HDP NEXUS approach in the selected countries of the MENA region, namely Iraq, Syria, cross-border Syria from Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon , Palestine, Yemen and Libya. It documents policy changes and situational changes that reflect the NEXUS approach. It also makes good practices and good examples accessible to different actors to help them develop guidance and strategic thinking tools around the inclusion of NEXUS approaches in strategies, programs, etc.
Using a combination of desk research, perception surveys and key informant interviews, the research was able to identify some critical strengths, opportunities and challenges in each of the target countries and in the region, some of which also had global implications. It was found that although significant progress has been made in implementing some components of the HDP Nexus approach, the DAC recommendations have still not been fully met, with varying degrees of achievement in different countries. of the region.
The research indicated that in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the HDP nexus has made significant progress in shaping the delivery of aid on the ground. However, the operational level and effectiveness of the HDP link varies considerably from country to country. Despite country-level differences, regional trends are apparent. Humanitarian actors in the MENA region face challenges related to the ambiguity of the HDP Nexus definition, the lack of integration and institutionalization of the Nexus, unsystematic or rare collaboration with government actors and other key humanitarian and development actors, and an insufficient amount of flexible and quality funding.
Despite these challenges, progress has been made by individual organizations in some countries to integrate HDP Nexus programming into their work through projects, communication and participation in policy dialogue. Jordan and, to some extent, the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) have made progress in ensuring that the HDP link is in place and fairly effectively operationalized. Other countries such as Lebanon, Yemen, Iraq, cross-border operations based in Syria and Turkey have taken significant steps but are still in the early stages of adopting NEXUS approaches. They always face one. different ranges of structural challenges that impact their ability to meet global commitments around HDP Nexus.
The research concluded that the 8 targeted countries in the MENA region need clear work plans to integrate the HDP nexus into the aid distribution network within their communities. In addition, the research shows that there is a need to take a multi-stakeholder approach and clarify the exact roles of the different actors who need to integrate HDP NEXUS into national plans, including donors, government, humanitarian NGOs, development and coordinating bodies. , United Nations system, local and national actors, etc. If the operationalization of Nexus must respect the commitments made at the international level, it must be contextualized and in the best interest of the targeted population. It is essential to further build accountability and trust with affected communities, and to provide the necessary support to local and national actors who have demonstrated a significant number of positive practices on the HDP nexus.