A. ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION
Description of the disaster
On the night of July 28, 2021, massive flash floods, triggered by heavy rains, occurred in Mirdesh village, Kamdesh district, Nuristan province, eastern Afghanistan. The Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) conducted a damage and needs assessment in Kamdesh district, a remote area not then under government control. Based on updated figures as of August 1, 2021, in addition to the loss of more than 260 lives, nearly 30 business premises, 3 mosques and 7 bridges were destroyed, along with water and electricity infrastructure and more than 360 hectares of agricultural land and 3,200 fruit trees. Efforts to search for bodies found missing as far as Naray, Asmar and Sarkano districts in the Kunar River.
In August, the change in leadership in Afghanistan led governments and foreign organizations to impose the cessation of banking services and foreign aid, severely hampering essential services and humanitarian aid, and worsening the country’s economic prospects. These impacted the planning and implementation of ARCS activities for this DREF flood response. As much of the operation was planned on a cash basis, the distribution modality had to be changed to in-kind, purchasing food and non-food items separately, including hygiene kits.
However, ARCS remains a trusted humanitarian partner in Afghanistan and can access all territories in the country. Nuristan’s flood risk remains. Recently, flash flood warnings for Nuristan were also issued by the Meteorological Department of the Civil Aviation Authority. Coupled with the remoteness of the villages and the devastation caused by the flash floods of July 28, 2021, the areas targeted by this DREF operation continue to require immediate humanitarian assistance for disaster relief and early recovery.