aDisaster-related donations among foundations, donors, governments and businesses totaled nearly $ 30 billion in 2019, annual report data shows Measuring the State of Disaster Philanthropy 2021: Data for Decision Making by Candid and the Center for Disaster Philanthropy (CDP), published today.
The Eighth Annual Report examined available data from 2019 on global disaster-related philanthropy, analyzing funding from foundations, bilateral and multilateral donors, the U.S. federal government, corporations, and donations through donor-advised funds (DAF ) and online platforms.
There have been nearly $ 30 billion in disaster-related donations, with funding for most of the 12 data sources declining in 2019 from 2018. Due to IRS processing delays, the data on the form 990 are incomplete and data collection is still ongoing, so institutional analyzes in the report is presented as “to date” funding.
The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development has provided $ 22 billion in official development assistance. Non-DAC government donors and multilateral organizations contributed an additional $ 2.8 billion.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has distributed $ 3.2 billion for disasters in the United States, with the main recipient regions being Nebraska, California and Iowa. The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) allocated $ 1 billion for recovery efforts in 2019 for disasters in 2017 and the United States Economic Development Administration (EDA) invested approximately 381.7 million dollars in disaster-related projects.
Foundations and public charities have provided $ 352 million to date for disasters and humanitarian crises, in response to Hurricane Dorian and Cyclone Idai as well as continued support from Hurricanes Harvey in 2017 and Florence and Michael , both in 2018.
More than half of institutional funding (55%) was devoted to natural hazards and severe weather events, 41% going to general disasters. Another 4% was for complex humanitarian emergencies, and less than 1% was for man-made accidents.
“Disaster philanthropy may be just a drop in the bucket compared to government funding, but it plays a vital role in helping communities prepare, respond and recover. global disasters and humanitarian crises, ”says Regine A. Webster, CDP Vice-President. .
Funding from foundations and public charities was primarily directed towards response and relief efforts (51%). Less than a fifth (17%) was spent on disaster preparedness. Together, funding for reconstruction and recovery (6%) and resilience measures (4%) amounted to just 10 cents of every dollar from foundations and charities.
“It is essential to finance the intervention and the relief. Yet it is also crucial that philanthropy funds preparedness and mitigation, which helps reduce the impact of disasters, ”said Grace Sato, Director of Research. “Communities also need sustained funding to support the long road to recovery. “
CDP made several recommendations in the report on how donors can be strategic in their future disaster-related giving to maximize impact, including:
- Support underfunded areas of the disaster life cycle, especially preparedness, resilience and recovery;
- Enable advocacy and community organizing efforts, which can help residents activate and engage to affect systemic change;
- Provide fast, unrestricted and flexible multi-year financial support;
- Support nonprofit organizations and local knowledge in the United States and abroad by funding organizations that focus on marginalized populations; and,
- Communicate funding data to Candid and ensure grant descriptions are clear and meaningful.
The CDP and Candidate will facilitate a discussion on the main findings of the report during a free webinar November 18 at 2 p.m. EST, hosted by CDP President and CEO Patty McIlreavy. Panelists will include Supriya Kumar, Head of Global Partnerships Research at Candid, and Colin Foard, Head of Fiscal Federalism Initiative at The Pew Charitable Trusts.
The 20-page report, Measuring the State of Disaster Philanthropy 2021: Data for Decision Making, is available on doi.org/10/gm29bv