Iran deeply concerned about lack of progress on nuclear disarmament

TEHRAN — Iran has expressed deep concern over the lack of progress in nuclear disarmament and the lack of any prospect of achieving that goal.

Iran expressed concern in a statement to the Tenth NPT Review Conference.

“The Islamic Republic of Iran is convinced that the obligation regarding nuclear disarmament, as set out in the NPT, must be fulfilled with determination. In this regard, the nuclear-weapon States have a special responsibility and must reaffirm their commitment by pursuing, in good faith, negotiations on effective measures relating to nuclear disarmament within a specified time frame. We are deeply concerned about the lack of progress in nuclear disarmament and the absence of any prospect of achieving this objective of the Treaty. It is, however, deeply disappointing that the nuclear disarmament obligations under the Treaty, as well as the unequivocal commitments made by the nuclear-weapon States at the 2000 and 2010 review conferences, have not been met,” says the press release.

He added: “The decisions and resolution adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, the Final Document of the 2000 Review Conference and the conclusions and recommendations for follow-up action to the he 2010 review stipulated the actions needed to achieve the goal of the total elimination of nuclear weapons.

He noted: “The immediate initiation and rapid conclusion of negotiations on a non-discriminatory and universally applicable convention prohibiting the production of fissile material for the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices; The determined pursuit by the nuclear-weapon States of systematic and progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons on a global scale; the development of nuclear-weapon-free zones, particularly in areas of tension, such as the Middle East, as a priority; new measures to assure non-nuclear-weapon States parties to the Treaty against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons; and last but not least to sign and bring into force Comprehensive Safeguards Agreements with the IAEA by all Member States and the follow-up measures were also consensually enshrined in these final documents.

Iran stressed that “these measures have not had a limited duration and until and unless they are carried out, they are and must remain valid. In the same vein, nuclear-weapon States must put an end to the vertical and horizontal proliferation as well as the quantitative and qualitative proliferation of nuclear weapons. They should also end the role of nuclear weapons in their doctrines.

The statement noted: “Now the international community demands these measures more than ever; and to meet these demands, the Conference must not only reaffirm the obligations and commitments previously adopted, but also make tangible progress in this regard. The Islamic Republic of Iran has fulfilled its obligations, the details of which are set out in our working document submitted to this Review Conference. In this working document, we have enlisted our related activities to promote and implement the goal of nuclear disarmament.

Iran also presented a series of proposals on the need for a number of issues. In the statement, Iran made specific proposals, including on the need to:

* Reaffirming that the principles and purposes contained in the Charter of the United Nations are fundamental to the pursuit of nuclear disarmament and the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.
* The implementation of all legally binding instruments negotiated at the multilateral level on nuclear disarmament and the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons is essential to achieving a world free of nuclear weapons. Likewise, all States have the legal obligation and the political and moral responsibility to pursue in good faith and bring to a successful conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under transparent, strict and effective international control.
* Strengthen nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation efforts by respecting and strengthening through the ratification of related protocols and the removal of reservations and interpretative declarations relating thereto by the States concerned.
* Expressing deep concern over the threat posed by the existence of nuclear weapons and the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of the unauthorized, unintentional, accidental or deliberate detonation or use of nuclear weapons.
* Acknowledging any use of nuclear weapons would be a crime against humanity and therefore the need to respect, at all times, applicable international law, including international humanitarian law.
* Achieving the total elimination of nuclear weapons, which is the only absolute guarantee of eliminating the risk of the threat of use or use of nuclear weapons.
* Stressing the importance and validity of and also reaffirming the 1996 ICJ Advisory Opinion on the obligations of States Parties under Article VI of the Treaty.
* Full compliance by nuclear-weapon States with their nuclear disarmament obligations and commitments is essential for progress in nuclear disarmament.
* Calling on the nuclear-weapon States that have the primary responsibility in this regard to implement their long overdue nuclear disarmament obligations.
* The creation, within the CD, of a special committee on nuclear disarmament and the opening of negotiations on a global convention on nuclear weapons.
* To preserve the integrity and universality as well as to achieve the fundamental objectives of the Treaty.
* Strongly support the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East, including calling on the only non-party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty in the region, to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without preconditions and without further delay as a non-nuclear-weapon party, and place all its nuclear facilities and activities under full IAEA safeguards.
* Conclusion by parties that have not concluded a comprehensive safeguards agreement with the IAEA; in verifying compliance with safeguards agreements and in fulfilling its statutory mandate to demonstrate compliance with relevant nuclear disarmament obligations.
* The immediate opening and the rapid conclusion of the negotiation within the Conference on Disarmament of a treaty prohibiting the production of fissile materials for the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices (FMCT).
* Pending the total elimination of nuclear weapons, all non-nuclear-weapon States should be assured by all nuclear-weapon States, through effective, universal, unconditional, non-discriminatory, irrevocable international instruments and legally binding against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons under any circumstances.

Iran also called on nuclear states to reduce the risks associated with their nuclear weapons.

“Nuclear-weapon States should take steps to reduce the risks associated with existing nuclear weapons, including reducing the operational readiness of nuclear weapon systems, refraining from modernizing nuclear weapons, and developing new advanced types of nuclear weapons, reducing the operational readiness of nuclear weapon systems, reducing the role and importance of nuclear weapons in military concepts, doctrines and policies; and reduction in the number of deployed and non-deployed, strategic and non-strategic nuclear weapons. Measures to reduce the risks associated with existing nuclear weapons are only interim commitments pending the total elimination of nuclear weapons. Such measures are not neither an alternative nor a substitute for nuclear disarmament and therefore cannot be implied or construed as indefinite possession ie of nuclear weapons by a state.

The statement concluded: “In this context, we believe that ideas such as risk reduction cannot substitute for nuclear disarmament and must therefore be replaced by concrete proposals that can contribute to nuclear disarmament. The goal of a balanced outcome document that Iran, like many other delegations, advocates, can only be achieved if the goal of nuclear disarmament is effectively and sufficiently addressed in the outcome document.

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