SUMMARY AND KEY PURPOSES
This report presents the results of protection monitoring conducted jointly by the DRC and JRS in Ciudad Juarez and Tapachula, Mexico between July and September 2021. During the quarter, 394 households covering a total of 892 individuals were interviewed with a standardized protection monitoring instrument, collecting information on protection risks and associated humanitarian needs.
These quantitative data were supplemented by qualitative information obtained from focus group discussions, key informant interviews, direct observations, and a review of news and other secondary sources. Quarterly data is analyzed to detect trends during the period, but also since the start of the Protection Monitoring exercise in October 2020.
The main findings from July to September 2021 are as follows:
People in care have left their country of origin (in the case of foreign nationals) or attempt to leave their country (in the case of Mexican nationals) mainly for fear of persecution (66.0% and 56.2% of families, respectively) and violence (76.6% and 97.2% of families, respectively). Obstacles to the opening of the asylum procedure and lengthy processing times in Mexico, as well as the suspension of the United States asylum procedure at the border, prevent a significant number of people in need of assistance. ” international protection to access effective protection.
Different priority needs were identified among the people of concern in the two places where protection monitoring was carried out. In Tapachula documentation, food and income are the main concerns, while in Ciudad Juarez health, security and the asylum process are the dominant priorities.
A majority of people under the jurisdiction of Tapachula (76.3%) express an intention to settle in Mexico, of which 84.3% have initiated or attempted to initiate an asylum procedure with COMAR. Only one person followed in Ciudad Juarez had initiated and then abandoned the COMAR process. This suggests that those seeking asylum in Mexico plan to stay in the country.
Overall, 31.0% of those surveyed did not receive any documents confirming asylum seeker status or otherwise conferring migrant status in Mexico. These individuals are more likely to use risky transit routes and smugglers.
There are significant gaps in humanitarian aid. In Tapachula, those who have not been able to apply for asylum with COMAR are not eligible to access multipurpose cash assistance programs targeting asylum seekers. In Ciudad Juarez, many religious shelters are beyond their capacity and can only offer very limited food assistance. In both locations there is a clear need for additional mental health and psychosocial support services.