Mozambique hosts 28,943 refugees and asylum seekers. Violence by non-state armed groups (NSAGs) combined with natural disasters, has resulted in more than one million internally displaced persons (IDPs) cumulatively in northern and central Mozambique.
Recent attacks in northern Mozambique have caused the further displacement of more than 83,900 people. On March 31, 2022, UNHCR declared the second Level 2 emergency for Mozambique in the past four years.
UNHCR and its partners are working closely with local authorities to provide protection and assistance to displaced people. UNHCR advocates for the social inclusion of IDPs and refugees and stresses that returns must be safe, voluntary, dignified and based on an informed decision.
Security situation in Cabo Delgado
- The security situation in Cabo Delgado remains unstable. The prevalence of attacks in Ancuabe district has caused hundreds of families to flee to neighboring districts, requiring more humanitarian support.
- Military operations involving Mozambican and foreign troops are ongoing, with military forces deployed in Ancuabe district in response to ongoing attacks.
- Despite the unstable security situation, humanitarian activities continue. UNHCR is working closely with the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), clusters and partners to ensure a coordinated response to assist newly displaced families. In addition, UNHCR is working with provincial authorities to provide additional support in the areas of protection, shelter and CCCM.
- UNHCR and its partner, the Catholic University of Mozambique (UCM), provided 780 displaced people and host communities with access to civil registration documents in the Chuiba and Pemba districts of Cabo Delgado.
- UNHCR and its partner HelpCode have identified 355 families containing people with specific needs in Mueda district in Cabo Delgado. UNHCR coordinated with its partners the referral of services for those identified.
- UNHCR trained 60 Protection Focal Points (PFPs) in Chiure and Montepuez districts on referral mechanisms for PSEA, early marriage and gender-based violence (GBV) as part of the training for UNHCR community volunteers to build awareness. In addition, to increase community awareness, UNHCR distributed information, education and communication (IEC) materials on GBV and PSEA to partners.
- Community activists from partner Doctors with Africa (CUAMM) and UNHCR PFPs reached 1,604 people in Cabo Delgado, including people displaced following the attacks in Ancuabe, to sensitize them on PSEA and GBV, including including support for survivors of sexual violence.
- In Metuge District and Pemba Town, UNHCR’s partner, the Association of Volunteers in International Service (AVSI) and UNHCR’s PFPs, carried out home visits to 54 people with specific needs to provide psychosocial support. In the districts of Ancuabe, Chiure, Mecufi and Metuge, UNHCR partner Plan International and UNHCR PFPs carried out home visits to 80 people to spread child protection awareness.
- On 31 July, UNHCR, its partner Doctors with Africa (CUAMM) and the government’s Social Action Service organized activities to celebrate Pan-African Women’s Day in Pemba with 110 women and girls from displaced, host and refugee communities . The activities also served to introduce participants to UNHCR’s new safe spaces for women and girls and GBV services in Pemba.
- On July 28, UNHCR and the Government of Mozambique assisted in the voluntary return of 20 Burundian refugees from Maputo to Bujumbura, Burundi, who were well received upon arrival.